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Article: Candle History: From Ancient Times to the Present

Candle History: From Ancient Times to the Present

Candle History: From Ancient Times to the Present

Candles have been used for a variety of purposes over the centuries, including lighting, ritual, and celebration. Their history dates back to ancient times and their evolution is interesting.

In the Middle Ages, churches adopted candle making as an important art. During this period, bee wax stood out among the materials used in candle making. Beeswax has become the material of choice because it provides a cleaner and more uniform combustion compared to animal fat. Candles used in churches played an important role not only for lighting purposes, but also in religious ceremonies and rituals. During this period, candle making became not only a practical necessity but also a form of art and cultural expression.

During the Renaissance and Enlightenment Period, in the 16th and 17th centuries, the introduction of whale oil and other vegetable oils made candle production more economical. During this period, with the diversification of the materials used in the production of candles, candles with different color and scent options emerged. Increasing diversity has enabled candles to become more than just a means of illumination, but also to find a place in homes as an aesthetic object. Candles began to play an important role in decorating interiors and enriching their atmosphere.

The first traces of candle making date back to B.C. It is found in Ancient Egypt, dating back to 3000 BC. However, the candles used at that time were quite different from those used today; They were usually made of reeds soaked in strips of mud or mud mixed with water. In ancient Rome, animal fat was used for the first time in the production of candle-like lighting devices. This was an important step in the development of candles and later became a turning point in candle making and use.

During the Industrial Revolution, in the 19th century, a new substance called stearin was discovered. This substance allowed the candles to burn longer and significantly increased the burn time. Also during this period, paraffin candles were produced for the first time. Paraffin was preferred because it provides whiter and cleaner burning compared to previously used materials. These developments marked an important turning point in the candle industry and enabled candles to burn more efficiently and aesthetically.

With the spread of electric lighting in the 20th century and later, candles ceased to be the main source of lighting. However, this did not reduce the value of the candles; On the contrary, it continued to be used in many areas such as ritual, religion, meditation, aromatherapy and decoration. Candles took on a symbolic importance, softening the atmosphere and creating a romantic atmosphere. Additionally, candles made with environmentally friendly and natural materials, especially those derived from soy, palm and other natural sources, have gained popularity. These candles have become preferred choices for those looking to reduce environmental impact.

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